SKINCARE FOR SENSITIVE SKIN

skincare for sensitive skin

Sensitive skin is the skin type that is most difficult to care for, as you need to pay extra attention to the skincare routine and the products you use, as it can easily irritate and become uncomfortable. This type of skin doesn’t tolerate all kinds of products, as you can easily get it out of balance by using products that have ingredients that affect the balance of your skin. So, if you are struggling with sensitive skin, here is all the information you need to take better care of it.

General knowledge

While it is true that there are many agents that can irritate a normal skin, like detergents, substances around the house, a poorly chosen skincare product, and other external factors, dermatologists have a different definition when it comes to diagnosing sensitive skin. Thus, occasional skin reactions, such as skin redness, stinging and burning sensation, itchiness, and tightness of the skin doesn’t mean that you have sensitive skin. It means that maybe something triggered this reaction and you need to find the culprit and remove it. Sensitive skin is sensitive around the clock as there are issues in its structure. For example, it is so dry that it is not capable of properly protecting the nervous terminations located in the skin’s layers, which explains the discomfort sensations. This type of skin also tends to flush and get red rather easy and not just in random episodes. It also presents various skin issues, like bumps, pustules, and signs of erosion. Usually, this type of skin requires special cosmetics for its care, found in pharmacies, as you cannot use any kind of product you find on store shelves.

Causes

Your skin can become too sensitive when it is a dry skin, as dry skin lack a proper level of protection, so it is more prone to damage due to the small beaches in its surface, which make it more vulnerable. Various skin conditions, such as eczema, irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, rosacea, contact urticaria or hives, and other, damage the structure of the skin and make it more prone to a wide range of issues. If you suspect to have a skin problem or dealing with sensitive skin, it is best to have a dermatologist look at it, as you cannot self-diagnose a skin problem. As mentioned before, even if you have normal skin, it is possible for it to have a sensitive breakout due to various cases. Or your skin is actually sensitive, creating discomforts and issues all the time, this is why you need a doctor to diagnose the problem, so you will know what treatment is recommended. Thus, the causes of sensitive skin depend on the causes that triggered the skin condition that made it sensitive from the start. In this case, it is not recommended to try and treat your skin on your own, as you can do more harm than good.

Symptoms

Sensitive skin has a wide range of symptoms, as it can be caused by a wide variety of causes, starting with external factors and going to skin conditions. But, sensitive skin feels uncomfortable in most cases, being dry and tight. When you touch it, it feels sensitive and even sore, which can be very unpleasant. The sensitive of the skin exacerbates over the winter when it is the need for constant hydration while being too oily in the summer. Also, if you notice that you get dry skin each time you travel by plane, then there are chances that you have sensitive skin. Sensitive skin will also react to regular skin care products, will present patches of red skin, dry skin, or skin with an uneven texture, will flush after having a spicy meal or alcohol consumption, it gets irritated when in contact with a skin irritant or synthetic fiber, and it red and dry after a bath or shower.

Cleansing

Cleansing sensitive skin can be an unpleasant endeavor if you don’t respect some basic rules, as the products you use and even the water can trigger an uncomfortable episode. So, when showering, wash your skin with warm water and not hot water, and keep the shower short, between 5 to 10 minutes. Exposing your skin to water for too long, especially hot water will dry it out. Use products that cleanse the skin gently and do not contain fragrances and other ingredients that can turn into irritants. For example, organic cleansing products are the best, as their ingredients are reliable. When it comes to toning and exfoliating your skin, avoid using toners that contain alcohol and be careful when using the exfoliator, as it must not be a hard one. Exfoliate your skin gently and observe its reaction before doing it again. Also, exfoliate once a week or even once every two weeks if your skin is too sensitive. And do follow the advice provided by your dermatologist as well.

The right care for sensitive skin

Carrying for sensitive skin begins with the detergents you use for washing your clothes and the fibers contained by them. As mentioned earlier, synthetic fibers can trigger an unwanted reaction on the surface of your skin. The same can happen in the case of using detergents, so choose those that are gentle and fragrance-free. Also, instead of applying perfumes on your skin, go for essential oils instead, as they are safer due to their natural composition. After a shower, gently pat your skin with a dry towel instead of rubbing it. And, before applying a skin care product on your skin, test it on a small patch of skin that is located in a more discreet area. This way, you will notice if it will produce an allergic reaction or make your skin feel uncomfortable.

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